The Home and Tribal Affairs Department occupies a central position regarding law and order issues of the Province. It is a prime policy making organization when it comes to Peace Building and Rule of Law. Police and civil administration at divisional and district level are the implementing arms of Home department. Historically, Home and Tribal Affairs department has played a strategically important role in maintaining law and order and giving policy directions to its implementing arms. The role and importance of Home Department had increased manifold especially after the former USSR invasion of Afghanistan. The Province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa remained a front line corridor in USSR-Afghan War for resisting the forces. Home department had to deal with the influx of millions of Afghan Refugees in the wake of Afghan Jihad. Such cross border migration have had socio-politico and economic repercussions for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Home department stood up with professional zeal to meet all those challenges in a befitting manner. Home department successfully managed the impacts of USSR troops withdrawal from Afghanistan.
The tragedy of 9/11 significantly changed the security dynamics of the world. Once again, the Province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa assumed the role of front line corridor in the war against international terrorism. The 9/11 incident shifted the tectonic plates of Holy War and the Jihadis of yesteryears became international terrorists. America, alongwith her allies jumped into the fray and initiated military action under the UN umbrella in Afghanistan in 2001 in pursuit of Al-Qaida and Taliban. This decade old war against terrorism has severe repercussions for the Province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The misled elements inspired from Al-Qaeda and Taliban in Afghanistan have established their strongholds in certain parts of FATA. Ultimately, it resulted in the shape of a Jihadi movement with the name of Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP).
The TTP during all these years have carried out ferocious attacks on civilians, mosques, public places, police, paramilitary forces and law enforcement agencies in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Thousands of innocent people have so far died as a result of these attacks. Apart from human loss, material loss worth billions of rupees has also been born by provincial government.
The emergence of TTP has out rightly changed the security dynamics in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. There has been a phenomenal rise in suicide attacks, IEDs blasts, kidnapping for ransom and extortion. Keeping in view the changed security scenario in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Home department has also chalked out its security strategy. In order to cope with these challenges, Police department has been transformed into modern fighting force having its own specialized combat, intelligence and investigation departments in the shape of Counter Terrorism Department (CTD), creation of Elite Force and Rapid Response Force. Similarly, new Prisons Security Force has been raised to deal with changed security scenario. Home department has close liaison with Armed forces and other Paramilitary forces to combat the menace of terrorism, kidnapping for ransom, extortion and suicide attacks. Keeping in view the above discourse regarding prevailing law and order situation and changed security dynamics in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA, greater responsibility rests on Home department. It demands ever vigilance and state of preparedness. Home department will strive hard to attain the desired vision of attaining a secure, just and prosperous society.